Lung Cancer Archives - Cancer Rounds

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What is The Prognosis and Survival For Lung Cancer?

Prognosis and Survival For Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of death in India with cigarette smoking being the leading cause of lung cancer. People who smoke are 23 times more likely to get lung cancer than non-smokers. Lung cancer is of different types, diagnosed at different stages and each stage has a relative survival rate.

When we get this imperative question on what is the survival rate of people with lung cancer, the answer is subjective to the patient’s condition. The outcome of the treatment depends largely on the stage of cancer and the time it was diagnosed. In simpler words, how big the tumour is and if it has spread to/around other tissues/organs.

What Is The Lung Cancer Survival Rate?

Another way is to study statistics of patients surviving with lung cancer. One trusted source is the data collected by the National Cancer Institute. By the definition, the 5-years stats show the results of the people who were diagnosed with lung cancer five years ago. The 5-year survival rate for all people with all types of lung cancer is 21%- 65% (approx.) These stats highly depend on the relative survival rates by stages and types of cancer.

The relative survival rate for Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common kind of lung cancer, accounting for over 90% of cases. The National Cancer Institute’s database categorises diseases based on the extent to which tumours have spread. The average percentages of people who are alive 5 years following diagnosis are used to calculate these relative survival rates. People who died of causes other than lung cancer are not included.

  • The people with localised cancer (cancer that only affects one lung): 66%
  • Regional (cancer has migrated to lymph nodes or outside the lung): 33%
  • Distant (cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the brain, lungs, and bones): 6%
  • All stage cancer: 23%
  1. The relative survival rate for Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) has is low than other types of lung cancer.
  • Localized: 29%
  • Regional: 15%
  • Distant: 3%
  • All stages: 6%

Adding on to the stats,

Some doctors use a more detailed prognostic tool based on the tumour, nodes, and metastatic staging system (TNM). These survival rates represent the actual percentage of persons who were alive at 2 and 5 years after being diagnosed with either NSCLC or SCLC.

The relative survival rate depending on the stage of the cancer is:

  • Stage 1 A: 90%
  • Stage 1 B: 73%
  • Stage 2 A: 65%
  • Stage 2 B: 56%
  • Stage 3 A: 41%
  • Stage 3 B: 24%
  • Stage 3 C: 12%

The survival rate of highly advanced cancers are calculated by considering all types of cancers, such as in

  • Stage 4 A: 10%
  • Stage 4 B: 0%

*All the values are subjective to change as and when advances in the research*

Lung cancer affects people differently. Treatments may impact you differently. The good news is that lung cancer deaths in India have been consistently declining. Lung Cancer Treatment In India is showing successful results and the average survival time for those newly diagnosed has increased.

Visit for more information, queries, to connect with the best oncologists in India and to have a 360-degree overview of how lung cancer treatment works in India.

Posted by, magneto
February 25, 2022

Asbestos Related Lung Cancer- A Complication to White Lung Disease

lung cancer treatment

Lung cancer is growth of abnormal cells in the lungs uncontrollably, and is most common cancer in 2020 according to WHO World health Organisation.

Multifactorial reason for lung cancer to occur can be divided as environmental factors and then some genetic factors as well.

White lung remains an enigma as terminology and Oncologist, regularly deal with cancer of the lung, primarily caused by excessive occupational exposure to toxins like asbestos, chromium.

White lung and/ or Asbestosis, is a result of long-term exposure to asbestos fibres. White lung is strongly related to asbestos-related lung cancers. The heavy asbestos exposure trigger asbestosis and patients presents with symptoms like difficulty getting a full breath, dry cough, and loss of appetite with weight loss.

Cascade of symptoms occur as a result of fibrosis, or scarring, in the lungs as asbestos fibres, remain embedded in the lung tissue for decades. This situation worsens over time and becomes subsequent cause of mesothelioma or asbestos-related lung cancer. It is pertanious here to mention that not every individual exposed to asbestos will develop lung cancer or other asbestos-related diseases. But the individual exposed to asbestos will develop a risk of illness and poses an increase relative to their level of exposure to asbestos.

Diagnostic work up proceeds to accomplish White Lung Diagnosis for designing best lung cancer treatment by oncologist.

Symptoms of white lung, in case are suspected in an individual with matching history then the doctor will take several steps to diagnose this condition. These steps include:
History of asbestos exposure
Listening to patient’s lungs
Conducting pulmonary function tests
Ordering a chest X-ray or CT scan

The Helsinki Criteria established in 1997 help doctors determine if asbestos is the cause of respiratory diseases.
Latency Period: lung cancer developed at least 10 years after the initial exposure to asbestos.

Evidence of Asbestos Exposure: mainly presents with a diagnosis of asbestosis, higher than normal asbestos fibres in the lung tissue. The exposure levels of airborne asbestos equal to or greater than 25 fibres per millilitre of air a year is numerical value to study asbestos fibres in lung tissue to be pathologic.

Treating White Lung/asbestosis we are focussed on dealing with symptoms. That surely indicates that treatment plan is to reduce symptoms and slowing down the progression of the disease. Because for cure a lung transplant is the only option.

Asbestosis Association to Asbestos Lung Cancer: as this diagnosis poses the patient in high-risk zone for developing asbestos-related cancers. Tumorigeneses takes several types of lung cancer and mesothelioma, a cancer of the pleura that lines the lungs to develop as patients are exposed to asbestos. All forms of lung cancer originate inside the lungs and it is the fact to terminology named here as Mesothelioma- that is also cancer- it develops in the tissue that lines the outside of the lungs, chest cavity and abdomen.

Asbestos exposure can cause both types of illness. But even in those cases who are not diagnosed with asbestosis / white lung, people with can develop same cancer. And the lung cancer associated with white lung should continue undergoing regular monitoring and screening for signs of cancer as per recommended guidelines. Yes, it is true white lung progresses far enough to lead to death.

Best lung cancer treatment for Asbestos-related lung cancers like Mesothelioma and Other pulmonary conditions linked to asbestos exposure include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy.

Posted by, Medical Team, Cancer Rounds
January 12, 2022
Lung Cancer Treatment by Surgery

 Treatment of Lung Cancer by Surgery

Treatment of Lung Cancer by Surgery is an alternative for a particular group of patients based on the location, type of cancer, stage of the lung cancers, and other medical conditions. Successful interventions to treat lung cancer with surgery will kill the tumor long with any of the underlying lung tissue. Treatment of Liver Cancer by Surgery in India is the removal of tumors and is considered the safest choice where cancer is localized and is unlikely to spread. This covers early-stage non-small cell lung cancers and carcinoid tumors.

There are two widely used methods for the removal of the cancerous parts of the lung. The decision depends on the location, size, and stage of the lung tumor and the surgeon’s expertise. 


The type of surgery you need for lung cancer depends on:

  • the size of the cancer
  • the position of cancer in the lung
  • the type of lung cancer (small cell or non-small cell lung cancer)
  • whether it has spread

Non-small cell lung cancer 

Surgery is mostly used to treat non-small cell lung cancer. But surgery might not be suitable for you if your cancer is very near any of the following structures:

  • the heart
  • the windpipe
  • the food pipe (esophagus)
  • major blood vessels

In this situation, your doctor might recommend other cancer treatments instead of surgery, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy.


Small cell lung cancer 

Surgery is not commonly used to cure small cell lung cancer until it is at an early stage. Small cell lung cancer typically progresses outside the lung when diagnosed, but can’t be eliminated with surgery. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are more effective than small cell lung cancer surgery. Immunotherapy can be offered to you.


Liver Cancer Surgery in India 

  • Thoracotomy

A careful incision to the back and side of your chest that matches the curve of the ribs is made. Usually, it includes separating some of the muscles of the chest wall and using a tool to carefully stretch between two ribs and allow the surgeon access to the lung. The muscles can be healed until the incision is closed.


  • Minimum invasive surgery


This technique usually requires 1 to 4 minor incisions to the inside of the breast. The physician uses a projector to image the lung and special equipment for surgery. This is known as thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) which can also be performed with the aid of a surgical robot. 

How to get the operation:

You may have open surgery or keyhole surgery to cure lung cancer. Many of the patients have open surgery.

Open surgery 

Your surgeon makes a slit that runs across the side of your chest. It’s also a thoracotomy. Perhaps the cut may only be a few centimeters deep. But it can also be longer and extend from under the breast to the back under the shoulder blade.


Keyhole service

Keyhole surgery can remove very minor, early, non-small cell lung cancers. The medical name of this procedure is video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The surgeon makes 1, 2, or 3 minor cuts on the side of the chest. They’re using a long, bendy tube called a thoracoscope.


To have a keyhole surgery

The thoracoscope is wired to a fiber-optic camera. This shows pictures on a video screen of the interior of the chest. The surgeon sticks the surgical instruments into the other wounds to remove cancer.


Procedures for Lung Cancer Treatment in India 


  • Lobectomy

Anatomically, the right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes. The right lung is divided into three lobes, the left lung has two lobes. Lobectomy is the removal (resection) of the lung lobe affected by lung cancer. It is the most frequently done surgery for lung cancer.

Bi-lobectomy is the removal of two lobes and is performed only for tumors of the right lung that involve two lobes that are next to each other.


Lung cancer surgery called sleeve lobectomy is also often performed. These tumors usually include one lobe as well as the primary bronchus in the lung. The resection of the sleeve continues with the removal of the cancerous lobe and a part of the primary bronchus in the lung. The remaining end of the primary bronchus is then joined with the bronchus to every unaffected lobe(s). When a sleeve lobectomy is performed, it eliminates the need for pneumonectomy.


  • Segmentectomy

Each lung lobe is made up of three to five lung segments. Surgeons can remove one to four portions of those lobes and store uninvolved tissue.


  • Resection of Wedge


A wedge resection is the removal of a thin, wedge-shaped portion of the lung tissue around the cancerous tumor.


  • Pneumectomy


Pneumonectomy is the replacement of the whole lung that is infected by cancer. This lung cancer treatment is usually performed if cancer can not be entirely eliminated with the lobectomy or if the lesion is based.




The treatment cost of lung cancer in India is less than half of other countries in the world. Lung cancer treatment hospital in India provides the best and most advanced treatment with world-class oncologists at an affordable treatment cost. Treatment of Lung Cancer by Surgery is the most popular way of curing lung cancer and is known to be the gold standard in the world. Surgery is performed to eliminate cancerous tumors and nearby lung tissues in order to effectively cure the disease. You can reach Cancer Rounds for the best lung cancer treatment in India. Reach the customer care number to know more about lung cancer treatment. 

Posted by, Medical Team, Cancer Rounds
October 16, 2020

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