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Risk Factors Associated with Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Among cancer diagnoses, the commonest male predilection after skin cancer is Prostate cancer. It is our privilege to mention here that prostate cancer can be treated successfully in maximum cases.

In the case of diagnosis with prostate cancer know about risk factors, symptoms, is a necessity for early diagnosis and treatment with a good prognosis and/or successful implementation of preventive measures.


Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer-associated risk factors are subdivided into two directions, like smoking, that can be changed. Others, like age or family history, the parameters that can’t be changed.


Factors That Cannot Be Changed

The enumerated factors that might affect a man’s risk of getting prostate cancer will allow necessary implacable preventive measures.

1. Prostate cancer is rare in younger males than 40, and the maximum cases of prostate cancer are found in men older than 65.

2. Prostate cancer occurs less often in Asian American and Hispanic/Latino men than in non-Hispanic whites.

3. Family history is important as Prostate cancer seems to run in some families. It may be an inherited or genetic factor.

4. The inherited gene mutations seem to raise prostate cancer risk. That is classified as; Inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. This is followed by the prediction of an increased prostate cancer risk, especially with mutations in BRCA2.

Then the male diagnosed with Lynch syndrome and/or hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, or HNPCC which itself is a condition caused by inherited gene changes, has an increased risk for a number of cancers, including prostate cancer.


Factors That Can Be Changed

Some of the parameters with association to the diagnosis of prostate cancer risk are:

1. Diet: a male who eats a lot of dairy products or a diet with increased calcium intake, appears to have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer.

2. Being very overweight also increases the overall risk of getting prostate cancer. Yes, some researchers have been in advocacy that obese males have a higher risk of getting more aggressive (faster-growing) prostate cancer.

3. Smoking poses a debatable link to getting prostate cancer.

4. Chemical exposures are also advocated by some evidence that firefighters can be exposed to chemicals which is a risk of prostate cancer. The studies that suggested a possible link between exposure to Agent Orange, a chemical used widely during the Vietnam War, and the risk of prostate cancer; is a perfect example.

5. Chronic or intreated Inflammation of the prostate gland is linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. This is an active area of research.

6. Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia increase the risk of prostate cancer. The pathogenesis depicted is inflammation of the prostate.

7. Vasectomy has been also associated with an increased risk for prostate cancer, but other studies have not found this. Research on this possible link is still underway.


Preventive Measure for Prostate Cancer

Preventive measures for prostate cancer- frankly there is no sure way to prevent prostate cancer. But there are things you can do that might lower your risk included in preventive measures:

-The daily healthy exercise and physical activity.

-Anti-oxidant diet will lower your risk.

-Incorporating vitamin E or selenium supplements might lower prostate cancer risk.

Posted by, Medical Team, Cancer Rounds
January 21, 2022

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