aplastic anemia treatment Archives - Cancer Rounds

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Aplastic Anemia With Emphasis On The Treatment Options

Aplastic anemia occurs when human body stops producing enough new blood cells. The condition leaves the individual fatigued and more prone to infections and uncontrolled bleeding. Aplastic anemia can be short-lived, or it can become chronic. It can be severe and even fatal. It less common and serious condition, which can develop at any age. Aplastic anemia can occur suddenly, or it can come on slowly and worsen over time. Clinically presented as mild or severe.

Aplastic anemia can have no symptoms but if present, signs and symptoms can include:

1. Fatigue

2. Shortness of breath

3. Rapid or irregular heart rate

4. Pale skin

5. Frequent or prolonged infections

6. Unexplained or easy bruising

7. Nosebleeds and bleeding gums

8. Prolonged bleeding from cuts

9. Skin rash

10. Dizziness

11. Headache

12. Fever

The following tests can help diagnose aplastic anemia in the designed diagnostic workup for Aplastic anemia:

Blood tests include complete blood cell count – In aplastic anemia all three of these blood cell levels are low.

Bone marrow biopsy is done by a needle to remove a small sample of bone marrow from a large bone in your body, such as your hipbone. The sample is examined under a microscope to rule out other blood-related diseases. In aplastic anemia, bone marrow contains fewer blood cells than normal.

Treatment provided for aplastic anemia by Top hematologists in Gurgaon is dependent on the severity of condition and demographic details like age.

The treatment options include: observation, blood transfusions, medications, or bone marrow transplantation. Severe aplastic anemia, in which your blood cell counts are extremely low, is life-threatening and requires immediate hospitalization.

Blood transfusions: not cure for aplastic anemia, blood transfusions control bleeding and relieve symptoms by providing blood cells in patient’s bone marrow that isn’t producing. While there’s generally no limit to the number of blood transfusions but complications can sometimes arise with multiple transfusions.

Stem cell transplant: done to rebuild the bone marrow is considered to be the only successful treatment option for people with severe aplastic anemia. A stem cell transplant, also called a bone marrow transplant, is generally the treatment of choice in younger patients.

Immunosuppressants is preferred in cases who can’t undergo a bone marrow transplant or for those whose aplastic anemia is due to an autoimmune disorder. In this the treatment can involve drugs that alter or suppress the immune system (immunosuppressants). Drugs such as cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune) and anti-thymocyte globulin suppress the activity of immune cells that are damaging bone marrow. This helps bone marrow recover and generate new blood cells. Corticosteroids, such as methylprednisolone (Medrol, Solu-Medrol), are often used with these drugs.

Bone marrow stimulants in verities that are including colony-stimulating factors, such as sargramostim (Leukine), filgrastim (Neupogen) and pegfilgrastim (Neulasta), epoetin alfa (Epogen/Procrit), and eltrombopag (Promacta). These drugs help stimulate the bone marrow to produce new blood cells

Antibiotics, antivirals are administered in cases of aplastic anemia. Because the condition has weakens]ed your immune system, which leaves you more prone to infections.

Other treatments for Aplastic anemia caused by radiation and chemotherapy treatments for cancer usually includes follow up observations as it improves after those treatments stop. The same is true for most other drugs that induce aplastic anemia.

For more details please contact Cancer Rounds

Posted by, magneto
February 1, 2022

Suspected for Diagnosis of Cancer – Identify The Symptoms Associated With It

Cancer is most deadly and ironic diagnosis that is becoming one of the leading causes of increase mortality these days. Cancer can be successfully treated if it is detected at an early stage and in certain cases can be cured.

The cancer treatment designing also include palliative care services to recover emotionally and this is of great help for the cancer patients and survivors. The diagnostic work up done for early-stage diagnosis of suspected cancer cases include the screening steps and diagnosing the disease as early as possible is very important for good prognosis. Cancer can be identified by its symptoms at an early stage. There are many symptoms of cancer which are considered easily dismissible that can be caused by benign tumors, injury, illness, and other health issues.

The golden rule to raise an alarm for concern of health is a symptom that is not getting better after a few days or weeks, then you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. This is time to get diagnosed and treated timely if required. The conventional treatment arms include cancer surgery, therapy or any other treatment advised by treating oncologist. Sometimes, you may not experience any kind of pain even if you have cancer as recommended by clinical experience of best oncologist in Gurgaon. Idea is no to waste time waiting for symptoms to grow severe. Get in touch with a doctor at the earliest without underestimating the symptoms and don’t get afraid of the word cancer remember the cancer is group of disease that is treatable.

FEW SYMPTOMS THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH CANCER AND RAISE ALARM ARE:

1. Sudden Increase or Decrease in Body Weight- If you have increased or decreased your body weight but you do not know what the reason is, then you should consult your doctor and get diagnosed as soon as possible.

2. Lumps- Any unexplained lumps in your body could be a sign of cancer. A few body parts where you could find lumps are the groin area, testicles, stomach, underarm or neck.

3. Swelling- If you are having any kind of swelling in any part of the body such as groin, stomach, underarm, or neck, then get yourself checked by the doctor for cancer.

4. Changes in the Skin- says that it’s high time you get it checked by a doctor. Here are a few signs that you should look out for.

5. Yellow Skin & White in the Eyes- If you have yellow skin and white in the eyes, then you may have jaundice. Jaundice is one of the symptoms of cancer.

6. Non-Healing Soreness in your body and it is not healing for a long time, then it might be a sign of cancer.

7. If recently any new mole in your body or you can find any change in an already existing mole, then check yourself for the symptoms of cancer.

8. Bleeding or Scaly Lump on the body, which is in flesh colour and is bleeding or turning scaly, it could be a symptom of cancer.

9. Problems in Neurological Systems like face drooping, changes in hearing, changes in vision or eyesight, seizures or headache, all these neurological symptoms could be a sign of cancer.

10. Changes of Mouth- which could indicate an underlying cancer disease:

Numbness, pain or bleeding in mouth or lip, Red or white Patch in the mouth or on the tongue, Blood in saliva, Night Sweating

11. Changes in Bowel habits or abnormal bowel movements for a long time, it’s a cancer symptom that you need to watch out for. Pencil-thin stool or bloody stools are also cancer symptoms related to colon cancer.

12. Changes in Bladder could be related to bladder cancer or pelvic tumour. These symptoms include blood in urine, pain while urinating, slow flow of urine, high-frequency urination, irritation and small amount of urine.

13. Changes in Breast could be an indication of breast cancer. You can perform a self-examination and check for the signs: for instance, Puckered, dimpled, scaly, red, itchy breast skin, Discharge or changes in nipple, Bloody discharge from nipple, change in size of breast or nipple, Breast feels different

In case you or your loved being is suspected by any above-mentioned signs or symptoms- consult your healthcare provider. The same is advocated by best oncologists in cancer hospital in Gurgaon, for early diagnosis of cancer.

And for second opinion you Can also consult the virtual hospital of cancer rounds.

Posted by, magneto

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