The bone marrow treatment in India is attraction for bulk of medical tourist due to experts and experienced eminent Oncologists in India. And the cancer rounds is also helping the individuals seeking bone marrow treatment in India that are also from nation and different regions worldwide.
During the bone marrow treatment, the bone marrow transplant procedure performed is targeted with a goal to replace bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by disease, infection, or chemotherapy. This procedure of bone marrow transplant involves transplanting blood stem cells, which travel to the bone marrow where they produce new blood cells and promote growth of new marrow cells that are healthy.
Let us brief you – what is the bone marrow?- Bone marrow is the spongy, fatty tissue inside human bones. It creates important parts of the blood- for instance, red blood cells, which carry oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, white blood cells, which fight infection, platelets, which are responsible for the formation of clots.
Bone marrow contains immature blood-forming stem cells known as hematopoietic stem cells, or HSCs. The mentioned stem cell is considered predecessor for differentiated cells. These stem cells are unspecialized, meaning they have the potential to multiply through cell division and either remain stem cells or differentiate and mature into many different kinds of blood cells. The HSC found in the bone marrow will make new blood cells throughout a lifespan of an individual.
In the foresaid procedure of bone marrow transplant- the target is to replace your damaged stem cells with healthy cells. This helps your body make enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to avoid infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia. Healthy stem cells can come from a donor, or they can come from patient’s own body. In such cases, stem cells can be harvested, or grown, before you start chemotherapy or radiation treatment and genetically engineered in lab. Those healthy cells are then stored and used in transplantation.
The need of Bone marrow transplants, performed when a person’s marrow isn’t healthy enough to function properly.] is justified. This could be due to chronic infections, disease, or cancer treatments. Some reasons for a bone marrow transplant include:
- aplastic anemia, – disorder in which the marrow stops making new blood cells
- cancers that affect the marrow, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma
- damaged bone marrow due to chemotherapy
- congenital neutropenia, – an inherited disorder that causes recurring infections
- sickle cell anemia, – an inherited blood disorder that causes misshapen red blood cells
- thalassemia, – an inherited blood disorder where the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, an integral part of red blood cells
- multiple sclerosis- disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves
How to Prepare for a Bone Marrow Transplant is must know prudent before Going for a bone marrow transplant-
-Prior to bone marrow transplant, it is necessary to undergo several tests to discover what type of bone marrow cells you need.
-before bone marrow transplant treatment design may allow your doctor to make you undergo radiation or chemotherapy to kill off all cancer cells or marrow cells before you get the new stem cells.
As Bone marrow transplants take up to a week and it is advised that the successful arrangements before your first transplant session as directed by your treating doctor are made up-tomark. These can include:
- housing near the hospital for your loved ones
- insurance coverage, payment of bills, and other financial concerns
- care of children or pets
- taking medical leave from work
- packing clothes and other necessities
- arranging travel to and from the hospital
During bone marrow treatment, your immune system will be compromised, affecting its ability to fight infections. Therefore, you’ll stay in a special section of the hospital that’s reserved for people receiving bone marrow transplants. This reduces your risk of being exposed to anything that could cause an infection. Also to boost immunity the diet will be give to you by your treating team. At this stage communicate with your doctor without hesitation.
During this time, you’ll be closely monitored for any complications or any side effects – so you can get solution for the issue you meet the solution.
Current innovations in bone marrow treatment in India are all availed at cancer rounds with partnered best oncologists.