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Top 4 Treatment Methods For Cervical Cancer In India

What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervix is the part of the female reproductive system that connects the vaginal canal to her uterus. Cancer that develops in the cells of the woman’s cervix is known as cervical cancer. Cancer cervix can metastasize (spread to other parts) such as the lungs, uterus, vagina and rectum.

Infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer.

Note: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus. Infection from the HPV virus can be prevented by vaccinating women against this virus at an early age. If it is given before the female gets exposed to the virus, therefore, it can protect the cancers of the vagina and vulva. It can also prevent genital warts and anal cancers. 

Interestingly, educating boys and vaccinating them against the strains of HPV can help reduce the transmission.


Common Treatment Methods For Cervical Cancer In India

There are several methods to treat cervical cancer in India, which include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy. The type of treatment that should be used depends upon various factors such as the size of the tumour, the physical condition of the patient, the location of the tumour and the availability of the treatment method. The types of commonly used methods to treat cervical cancer are given below:

  • Surgery

Surgery is one of the commonly used procedures for treating cervical cancer (of course, with respect to the stage of cancer). A gynecologic oncologist is a doctor who specialises in using surgery to treat cancer in the female reproductive system.

During surgery, the tumour and some of the surrounding healthy tissue are removed. The following techniques are frequently performed for cervical cancer that has not progressed beyond the cervix:

  1. Conization – It is a procedure for removing micro-invasive malignancy from the cervix that can only be seen under a microscope.
  2. LEEP – A thin wire hook is used to pass an electrical current through. The tissue is removed by the hook. It can be used to remove micro-invasive cervical cancer.
  3. Hysterectomy – The uterus and cervix are removed. It can be a  basic or radical hysterectomy.  The uterus and cervix are removed in a basic hysterectomy. Several parts of female reproductive organs such as the uterus, cervix, upper vagina, and tissue around the cervix all can be removed during a radical hysterectomy.
  4. Salpingo-oophorectomy – This procedure involves the removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries, if necessary. It is performed concurrently with a hysterectomy.
  5. Trachelectomy – A surgical treatment that removes the cervix but leaves the uterus intact. Dissection of the lymph nodes in the pelvis is part of the procedure.
  6. Exenteration – If cervical cancer has spread to other organs after radiation therapy such as the uterus, vagina, lower intestine, rectum, or bladder then they may be removed. This is a treatment that is rarely suggested.


  • Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy is another popularly used treatment option. It is done as one, external radiation therapy and two, brachytherapy which means the insertion of radioactive sources near the tumour for time intervals. If the female desires to conceive, freezing the eggs is a popular option practised.


  • Chemotherapy

Low doses of chemicals that can kill cancer cells are injected. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy work as adjuvants. A combination treatment is practised for advanced stages of cancer.


  • Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that stimulates the body’s natural defence mechanisms. It is also known as biological therapy. It helps in restoring the body’s immune system and improves functions by using the body’s own immune system simultaneously with those prepared in the laboratory.


How to get Treatment for Cervical Cancer?

Just like other types of cancers, cervical cancer is a treatable one. Cancer Rounds provides personal care from the day of consultation throughout the treatment.

Our constant efforts are focused to create awareness and help as many females suffering from cervical cancer as possible. Break the barriers and talk them out with our doctors.

To know more about the treatment of cervical cancer. You can connect us at our customer care number or visit www.cancerrounds.com

Posted by, magneto
February 16, 2022

First Month Of Year Reminds – What Can Be Done to Reduce Risk of Cervical Cancer?




Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer affects the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus connecting to the vagina. A virus- namely Human Papillomavirus HPV, is a virus transmitted from one individual to another during sexual intercourse. HPV is the common cause of this cancer. Yes, recently Cervical Cancer treatment is generally planned with strategy as treatable and curable. Yes Cervical cancer treatment is curable- if it is diagnosed when the cancer is in an early stage.
Our oncologist from Cancer hospital in Gurgaon recommends certain tips, that can help a female prevent cervical cancer: –

1. Quit Smoking and start anti-tobacco cessation therapy- As individuals who smoke are in a high-risk zone to get cervical cancer twice times. Quitting tobacco is the best way to avoid cervical cancer. This is because tobacco poses the intake of toxins either by smoking in the body that affect the DNA of the cervix. These harmful toxins contribute to the growth of cervical cancer and quitting tobacco usage will reduce the risk of cervical cancer.

2. Improving the Immunity of the body will help the host to fight against deadly diseases. Take steps to improve immunity by shifting to a healthy diet and quitting a lazy routine- one should exercise regularly. Yes, Leading a healthy lifestyle and doing meditation to manage stress properly assures one to go a long way in improving immunity against diseases like cancer.

3. HPV Vaccine- is among few vaccines that can protect young females against certain HPV-associated cervical cancer. This vaccine is available even for children as young as nine years old and is recommended to prevent the risk of cervical cancer. Even if you are vaccinated, you still need screening because no vaccine provides complete protection.

4. Screening for cervical cancer- is a key for early detection that can help in timely cervical cancer treatment and high treatment success rates or even remission. The leading cancer hospital in Gurgaon conducts such screening camps from time to time.

Multifactorial process is responsible for development of cervical cancer that includes:
1. Multiple sexual partners
2. Smoking
3. Poor immunity
4. Early sexual activities
5. Other sexually transmitted diseases.

Hope this article will initiate a rhythm of awareness to take all the required preventive measures for cervical cancer. The symptoms one must look for before consulting the doctor are heavy menstrual bleeding, un-explained or varied color vaginal discharge, bleeding after intercourse, and sexual intercourse accompanied with pain.
Once you suspect and consult the doctor following the experience of the above-mentioned symptoms- diagnostic work is done that includes: –

1. PAP Smear Test: in this test, the gynecologist takes cervical cell samples by the process of exfoliative cytology and the sample is sent to a laboratory for testing. The pathologist will examine the sample after stained with PAP stain under microscopy to detect cancerous cells. It is generally recommended that females above 25 years shall get a PAP screening test done in 3years until the 6th decade

2. HPV Test is referred to as a standalone test or a PAP test to predict the risk of developing cervical cancer. After every 3rd decade, the guidelines have recommended PAP and HPV tests once every six years.
We must mention here that in case the PAP smear or HPV test results turn out abnormal, you need to follow up with an oncologist.

Cervical cancer treatment: the best oncologists at the Cancer hospital in Gurgaon will provide the diagnosed patient with several treatment options. The assured treatment is dependent on the stage of cervical cancer, tumor size, age of the patient, health condition, economic status.

To conclude we must focus on fact that the prevention is better than cure – and above said few tips at home will prevent cervical cancer. Also, we want you to take the pledge in the month of January to spread the word of Cervical cancer awareness by opting for regular cancer screening. If at all you happen to be diagnosed with this cancer, you can get timely treatment and might get cured.

Posted by, Medical Team, Cancer Rounds
January 17, 2022

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