What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervix is the part of the female reproductive system that connects the vaginal canal to her uterus. Cancer that develops in the cells of the woman’s cervix is known as cervical cancer. Cancer cervix can metastasize (spread to other parts) such as the lungs, uterus, vagina and rectum.
Infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer.
Good To Know: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection. Infection from this virus can be prevented by vaccinating women against this virus. If it is given before the female gets exposed to the virus, it can protect the cancers of the vagina and vulva. It can also prevent genital warts and anal cancers.
Interestingly, educating boys and vaccinating them against the strains of HPV can help reduce the transmission.
Treatment Options For Cervical Cancer In India
Surgery is one of the commonly used procedures for treating cervical cancer (ofcourse, with respect to the stage of cancer). A gynecologic oncologist is a doctor who specialises in using surgery to treat cancer that occurs in the female reproductive system.
What To Expect?
During surgery, the tumor and some of the surrounding healthy tissue are removed. The following techniques are frequently performed for cervical cancer that has not progressed beyond the cervix:
- Conization (procedure same as cone biopsy) is a procedure for removing micro-invasive malignancy from the cervix that can only be seen under a microscope.
- LEEP. A thin wire hook is used to pass an electrical current through. The tissue is removed by the hook. It can be used to remove micro-invasive cervical cancer.
- Hysterectomy. The uterus and cervix are removed. It can be a basic or radical hysterectomy. The uterus and cervix are removed in a basic hysterectomy. The uterus, cervix, upper vagina, and tissue around the cervix are all removed during a radical hysterectomy.
- Salpingo-oophorectomy. This procedure involves the removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries, if necessary. It is performed concurrently with a hysterectomy.
- Trachelectomy. A surgical treatment that removes the cervix but leaves the uterus intact. Dissection of the lymph nodes in the pelvis is part of the procedure.
- Exenteration. If cervical cancer has spread to these organs after radiation therapy, the uterus, vagina, lower intestine, rectum, or bladder may be removed. This is a treatment that is rarely suggested.
Radiation Therapy is another popularly used treatment option. It is done as one, external radiation therapy and two, brachytherapy which means the insertion of radioactive sources near the tumor for time intervals. If the female desires to conceive, freezing the eggs is a popular option practised.
Low doses of chemicals that can kill the cancer cells are injected. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy work as adjuvants. A combination treatment is practised for advanced stages of cancer.
Immunotherapy is the cancer treatment that works by stimulating the body’s natural defence mechanisms. It is also known as biological therapy. It helps in restoring the body’s immune system and improve functions by using the body’s own immune system simultaneously with those prepared in the laboratory.
Just like other types of cancers, cervical cancer is a treatable one. Cancer Rounds provides confidential care from the day of consultation throughout the treatment. Our constant efforts are focused to create awareness and helping as many females suffering from cervical cancer as possible. Break the barriers and talk it out with our doctors. To know more about the treatment of cervical cancer. You can connect us on our customer care number or visit www.cancerrounds.com