chemotherapy treatment cost in india Archives - Cancer Rounds

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Options to Preserve Fertility In Female Cancer Survivors

For cancer survivors to preserve fertility is the first physiological need these days. And fertility preservation thus is becoming increasingly significant to improve the quality of life in cancer survivors. The ability to have children is called fertility. Best hematologist in India and oncology team of the best cancer hospital in Gurgaon collectively advocate the recommended guidelines suggesting that discussion of fertility preservation should be done prior to starting cancer therapies. 

Globally there is a lack of implementation in this area but India is leading with the solution as the oncologist team has session of counselling for patient in lieu of cryopreservation and fertility preservation. 

To briefly introduce, with the research and innovations in the are there are number of techniques available for fertility preservation, and they can be used individually or together in the same patient to maximize efficiency.  

Adding to this, Oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are now established techniques. The cryopreservations have their limitations but every lock has key. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is a wider clinical application with the advantage of keeping the fertility window open for a longer time. Both the conventional arms of treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy have a major impact on reproductive potential. This is indicative of fertility preservation procedures – that should be carried out prior to these treatments.  

Cancer in females of reproductive age accounts for nearly 10% of new cancer diagnoses. Most common cancers presenting in this group of youth affecting female include breast, thyroid, cervical, uterine, melanoma, lymphoma, and colon cancer. Over the past four decades, advances in surgery and adjuvant therapy have led to improved 5-year survival rates for breast (85.5%), endometrial (91%), cervical (83.2%), and ovarian cancers (79.5%). These improved outcomes have resulted in an increased number of cancer survivors but many therapies are harmful to the ovaries and put women at risk of premature ovarian failure and infertility. This is significant as nearly 25% of today’s cancer survivors are reproductive-aged woman who may wish to have children. Embryo cryopreservation is a widely established method for preserving reproductive capacity and due to its high pregnancy rates, it is considered the “gold standard” fertility preservation option. This procedure is offering the best chances of a live birth in the future as well. This solution also works in cases of male, that means the male cancer patient may store his sperm before treatment. Doing this is a way of preserving fertility. 

But, in case you have undergone chemotherapy treatment then still no need to worry. After cancer treatment also, the ovarian tissue can be thawed and placed in the pelvis (transplanted). Once the transplanted tissue starts to function again, the eggs can be collected and attempts to fertilize them can be done in the lab. A man may have no sperm in his semen after cancer treatment. But he may still have healthy sperm in his testicles. During a testicular sperm extraction, the doctor removes small pieces of testicular tissue. Any healthy sperm cells found in this tissue can be used to make a baby. 

The need for fertility preservation has not yet weighed against morbidity and mortality associated with cancer. Thus, a multidisciplinary collaboration between oncologists and reproductive specialists to improve awareness and availability is a necessity. 

Posted by, magneto
February 2, 2022

Chemotherapy for Prostate Cancer

chemotherapy treatment cost in india

As the name suggest Chemotherapy -chemo uses anti-cancer drugs. These drugs are injected into a vein or given by mouth. The chemo agents administered travel through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells in most parts of the body. Yes, in world of oncology chemotherapy is considered as conventional arm for treatment regimen.

It is essential here to consider that Chemotherapy is not only for killing cancer cells during treatment, while chemotherapy is also used in combination treatment therapy before radiation to shrink the lesion mass. In prostate cancer the role of chemotherapy is also important in cases when the cancer cells of prostate cancer have spread outside the prostate gland. Also, the effective role of chemotherapy is supported with data based and clinical evidence in treatment of prostate cancer when hormone therapy isn’t working.

As per recent research, the data is advocating that the chemotherapy is helpful in combination with hormone therapy- again this is option for some cases.

Yes, it is accepted fact that the chemotherapy alone is surely not considered a standard treatment for early prostate cancer.

The chemotherapeutic agents prescribed in treatment of prostate cancer:

Not: in diagnosis of prostate cancer the oncologist will administer the chemotherapy drugs one at a time, to the patient. Some of the chemo drugs used to treat prostate cancer include:

1. Docetaxel (Taxotere)

2. Cabazitaxel (Jevtana)

3. Mitoxantrone (Novantrone)

4. Estramustine (Emcyt)

Among the diagnosed cases of prostate cancer, many of the cases are being administered with the first drug given as docetaxel, which is combined with the steroid drug prednisone.

After the docetaxel that is in case when it does not work, cabazitaxel is often the next chemo drug tried.

As per the evidence-based data reported in literature the Docetaxel and are associated with increased disease-free survival rate. Both the mentioned drugs slow the cancer’s growth and also reduce symptoms, resulting in a better quality of life.

Other chemo drugs being studied for use in prostate cancer include:

1. Carboplatin

2. Oxaliplatin

3. Cisplatin.

Chemotherapy for prostate cancer is typically administered through a vein (IV). This can be achieved either as an infusion over a certain period of time. Some drugs given as pill are Estramustine.

For administering chemotherapy, slightly larger and sturdier IV is required. The IV administered for chemo patients are known as central venous catheters (CVCs), central venous access devices (CVADs), or central lines. Besides the administration of cancer treating medicines, they also help to administer blood products, nutrients, or fluids right into your blood and are also used to take out blood for testing.

Different kinds of CVCs available in the oncology hub; among which the most common types are the port and the PICC line.

Oncologist prefer administering chemotherapy through treatment regimen in cycles, and in each period or cycle of treatment followed by a rest period. This rest period is for patient, this rest time is for patients body to recover from the effects of the chemotherapy drugs. The chemotherapy cycles are most often 2 or 3 weeks long, and yes! the schedule varies depending on the drugs used.

In the prostate cancer during advanced stages, the length of chemotherapy treatment regimen is based on how well it is working, how patient’s body is responding and what side effects patients have.

For more details about Prostate cancer treatment in India, you can visit us at our website of CANCER ROUNDS. Our best oncologist’s team will counsel you and provide the innovations in prostate cancer treatment. On average the chemotherapy treatment cost in India is 70000/-INR.

It’s time to fight cancer without worrying about the cost as Cancer Rounds also guide and aid for funds to cancer patients.

Posted by, Medical Team, Cancer Rounds
January 24, 2022

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