What is Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant is a process in which blood stem cells have been transplanted from a donor to the patient.
The new stem cells replace or destroy the damaged cells in the bone marrow.
The healthy stem cells can come from another person or the patient’s body.
The average cost of a Bone Marrow Transplant in India can vary from Rs. 15,00,000 to Rs. 44,00,000.
Types of Bone Marrow Transplant
The bone marrow transplant cost varies according to the type of bone marrow transplant required, as explained below:
- Autologous bone marrow transplant:
This type of transplant uses the patient’s own bone marrow and is less expensive than allogeneic ones.
- Allogeneic bone marrow transplant:
This form of transplant uses bone marrow from a matching donor (ideally a sibling).
These types of transplants are more expensive as the patient must pay not just for themselves but also for the donor’s examinations, facilities, and lab tests.
- Haplo- allogeneic transplant:
It is the type of transplant in which the bone marrow from a donor (patient’s children, parents, or sibling) partially matches with the patient’s stem cells.
The cost of Haplo-Allogeneic transplant is significantly higher because the surgery is much more sophisticated, increasing the cost and number of tests.
Mostly the cost of bone marrow transplant varies with the type of transplant required.
Here is an estimated bone marrow transplantation cost in India based on its types:
|Types of BMT||BMT Cost in India in INR||Cost in USD|
|Autologous BMT||Rs. 10,00,000 – Rs. 14,00,000||$12,000 – $17,000|
|Allogenic BMT||Rs. 8.00.000 – Rs. 10,00,000||$9,000 – $12,000|
|Haplo-Allogenic BMT||Rs. 9,00,000 – Rs. 20,00,000||$11,000 – $24,000|
Below is the list of some of the diseases or disorders that may require bone marrow transplant:
An inherited blood disease
Bone marrow cancers like leukemia, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma
Bone marrow transplant cost in different cities of India
In India, the average cost of a bone marrow transplant ranges from 8 – 10 lakhs for an allogeneic transplant to 10 – 14 lakhs for an autologous transplant.
In India, different cities can provide the same facility at different costs.
For your reference, below we have discussed the cost of bone marrow transplants in India in different cities.
|City||Cost in INR|
|Delhi||Rs. 15,00,000 – Rs. 40,00,000|
|Mumbai||Rs. 16.50.000 – Rs. 44,00,000|
|Bangalore||Rs. 15,00,000 – Rs. 40,00,000|
|Chennai||Rs. 14,25,000 – Rs. 42,00,000|
Cost of bone marrow transplant in different countries
Bone marrow transplant cost in India with comparison to other countries:
|Countries||Price of BMT||Price in USD|
|India||Rs. 15,00,000 – Rs. 40,00,000||$18,000 – $50,000|
|Nigeria||$50,000 and Above|
|Pakistan||PKR 40,00,000 and Above||$20,000 and Above|
From worldwide data it is depicted that India provides best facilities and high-class treatment of bone marrow transplant at the lowest price possible.
Factors affecting the cost of BMT in India
The cost of bone marrow transplant in India includes some other minor expenses such as:
|Factors||Cost in INR|
|Diagnostic Tests||Rs. 4,000 – Rs. 5,000|
|Transplant Cost||Rs. 15,00,000 – Rs. 40,00,000|
|Consultation Fees||Rs. 1,000 for Each Consultation|
|Cost of Immunosuppress and Injections||Rs. 20,000 – Rs. 25,000 ( If Required)|
|Cost of Medicines||Rs. 10,000 – Rs. 15,000|
In general, patients who have a bone marrow transplant could be released from the hospital within a few weeks, with follow-up consultations lasting three months.
Why People Choose India for BMT?
The Bone marrow transplant in India is one the best in the world because the majority of the population from the world travel India to get it done.
Bone marrow transplant cost for thalassemia is around $32000 in India. Applicable for a variety of conditions related to bone marrow transplant for thalassemia with all facilities.
The approximate cost of bone marrow transplant in India relies on different factors like autologous transplantation and allogeneic bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplant cost in India also depends on the various medical conditions like lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, and thalassemia.
Indian cities have good quality and reasonable hotels, multi-cuisine cafeterias, foreign exchange facilities, money transfer facilities such as Western Union, and other facilities.
Some other reasons that make India one of the most favorite destinations for bone marrow transplants:
- Ultra-modern infrastructure in India’s super-specialty hospitals
- There is no or short waiting time in India
- Skilled and globally-trained medical clinicians
- State-of-the-art bone marrow transplant research laboratories
- Willingly accessible transfusion facilities
- Completely fortified radiation oncology treatment laboratories
- Sensible pricing, and the best care experience
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Complications during bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplantation is a major medical procedure that may cause some of the other complications like a drop in blood pressure, fever, nausea, headache, and pain.
These are short-lived symptoms that may depend upon the patient’s age and previous medical history. Most complications can be mild, but sometimes it may become severe also.
Why India is Becoming the Hotspot for BMT?
People from around the world choose India for healthcare services.
Therefore, it is one of the most popular countries in the field of medical tourism.
There are many reasons because of which most of the foreigners choose India for their Bone Marrow Transplant surgery, such as:
The value of Indian rupee is less than dollar, pound, or euro, hence the bone marrow transplant cost is lower in India than other developed countries.
With that India provides world class facilities and treatment through skilled doctors.
There are many Cancer Centers and private hospitals for the treatment of cancer in India which offers a variety to choose between them according to budget.
Success rate of bone marrow transplant is popular in the world as every hospital in India offers best bone marrow transplant related surgeries and advanced technology with affordable treatment.
Bone marrow transplant procedure is available in many Indian hospitals.
Their high-class quality of service and modern infrastructure is designed in a way to provide a comfortable and supportive environment for patients to get better soon.
They also offer high-end technology for surgery and treatment of bone marrow transplant with other procedures.
In India, doctors can offer the same consultation as the doctors in other developed countries in a cost-effective way.
This is one of the major reasons that India is cheaper than other countries in bone marrow transplantation.
Bone marrow transplant, function, and their treatment in India
Bone marrow is a spongy, soft fatty tissue inside your bones that produces the different parts of the blood like RBC, WBC, and platelets.
A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure that is used to replace the bone marrow that is destroyed due to an infection, disease, and surgery.
The technique involves transplanting blood stem cells to the bone marrow, where they produce new blood cells that promote the growth of new bone marrow.
Bone marrow develops immature blood-forming cells, further known as hematopoietic cells, that make around 260 billion new cells every day.
But, when some disease damages the blood cells, then it is unable to produce enough blood cells.
In the procedure of bone marrow transplantation, the damaged bone marrow cells are replaced with some healthy ones. It is mainly of two types-
- Autologous bone marrow transplant when healthy cells are obtained from their bone marrow. This is the most basic one. A drug called growth factor is given to the patient to boost his immunity.
- In allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, it is taken from someone else called a donor. Donor stem is cryopreserved in the laboratories until someone needs them.
Functions of the bone marrow
Bone marrow carries immature blood, forming stem cells called hematopoietic stem cells.
Bone marrow transplant is required when it does not function properly due to any infection and cancer treatments.
The majority of the stem cells are differentiated and can multiply themselves and make the various types of blood components.
Hematopoietic stem cells are present in the bone marrow that originates in new blood components throughout life.
Bone marrow transplant success rate in India
In recent years, the success rate of bone marrow transplant has risen to 90 percent, and patients are satisfied with the treatment.
The rapid advancement of medical technology in recent years has contributed to an increase in the success rate of bone marrow transplants in India, as well as an increase in the survival rates for numerous types of blood cancers.
Due to the high success rate and low cost of bone marrow transplant in India, it is considered as the best destination for the treatment.
Advantages of a Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT)?
A bone marrow transplant can be used to:
- Replace unhealthy, diseased marrow with normal functioning bone marrow.
- Treat other diseases that affect bone marrow cell production, or serious disease of the immune system.
- Regenerate a new immune system that can counter latent or persistent leukemia or other tumors that are not destroyed by the chemotherapy or radiation used in the transplant.
- Replace the bone marrow and recover its natural function after being administered heavy doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation to cure a malignant disease. This procedure is also called evacuation (for diseases like lymphoma and neuroblastoma).
- Replace the bone marrow with genetically healthy bone marrow that acts to prevent further damage.
The Best Bone marrow transplant hospital in India aims at the replacement of unhealthy marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells.
The goal of BMT is to transfuse healthy stem cells into a person after his or her own unhealthy bone marrow has been treated to kill the abnormal cells.
Conditions successfully treated with BMT include cancers, such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and solid tumors, as well as aplastic anemia.
Best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India
The majority of Bone Marrow Transplant Hospitals in India are well-equipped with innovative medical technology and ultra-modern infrastructure.
These hospitals have highly experienced and talented specialists that deliver the best possible treatment and healthcare to their patients.
On top of that India offers the best bone marrow transplant facilities at an affordable price.
Some of the top hospitals for bone marrow transplant in India are:
- Fortis, Gurugram, Haryana
- Artemis, Gurugram, Haryana
- Manipal Hospital, Dwarka, New Delhi
- Fortis, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
- HCG, Bangalore
- HCG, Bangalore
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What to expect
During bone marrow transplantation
It is quite often to get nervous before the process of a bone marrow transplant. The transplantation of stem cells into the patient’s body is a simple process.
It is while putting the patient on local anesthesia. It is painless and the patient is kept awake during the procedure. The infusion of stem cells is a painless procedure.
After a bone marrow transplant
After getting stem cells infused into the patient, they are kept under observation for a few weeks. The new stem cells travel into the patient’s bone marrow through blood.
These stem cells enter bone marrow and start producing new healthy blood cells. It may take weeks for the production of healthy blood cells, during which the patient is kept under observation.
Several tests will be conducted to monitor the overall health of the patient. There is a possibility that the patient may suffer from certain side effects which medicines can control. Consult your doctor if you experience any symptoms.