Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung Cancer Treatment 

 

Lung Cancer Treatment by surgery is an alternative treatment option based on the location, type of cancer, stage of the lung cancers, and other medical conditions of the patient. Successful interventions to treat lung cancer with surgery will kill the tumor along with any of the underlying lung tissue. 

 

Treatment of Lung Cancer in India done by the removal of tumors is considered to be the safest choice when the cancer is localized and is unlikely to spread. This covers early-stage non-small cell lung cancers and carcinoid tumors.  

The type of surgery you need for lung cancer depends on:

  • the size of the cancer
  • the position of cancer in the lung
  • the type of lung cancer (small cell or non-small cell lung cancer)
  • whether it is spreading 

 

Treatment of Lung Cancer depends on the type of cancer: 

  1. Non-small cell lung cancer
  2. Small cell lung cancer 

 

Non-small cell lung cancer 

Surgery is the most preferred option to treat non-small cell lung cancer. But surgery might not be a suitable treatment option for you if your cancer is very near to any of the following body parts:

  • the heart
  • the windpipe
  • the food pipe (esophagus)
  • major blood vessels

 

In this situation, your doctor might recommend other cancer treatments instead of surgery, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy.

 

 

Small cell lung cancer 

Surgery is not preferred to cure small cell lung cancer until it is at an early stage. Small cell lung cancer typically progresses outside the lung when diagnosed. These can’t be eliminated with surgery. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are more effective than small cell lung cancer surgery. Immunotherapy can be another option for you.

 

Treatment of Lung Cancer in India 

 

  • Thoracotomy

 

A careful incision to the back and side of your chest that runs parallel to the curve of the ribs is made. Usually, it includes separating some of the muscles of the chest wall and using a tool to carefully stretch between two ribs. This allows the surgeon access to the lung. The muscles can be healed until the incision is closed.

 

  • Minimum invasive surgery

 

This technique usually requires 1 to 4 minor incisions to the inside of the breast. The physician uses a projector to image the lung and special equipment for surgery. This is known as thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) which can also be performed with the aid of a surgical robot. 

 

 

Lung Cancer Treatment by Surgery: 

You may have open surgery or keyhole surgery to cure lung cancer. Many of the patients have open surgery.

 

Open Surgery 

Your surgeon makes a slit that runs across the side of your chest. It’s also a thoracotomy. Perhaps the cut may only be a few centimetres deep. But it can also be longer and extend from under the breast to the back under the shoulder blade.

 

Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole surgery can remove very minor, early, non-small cell lung cancers. The medical name of this procedure is video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The surgeon makes 1, 2, or 3 minor cuts on the side of the chest. They’re using a long, bendy tube called a thoracoscope. 

To have a keyhole surgery

The thoracoscope is wired to a fibre-optic camera. This shows pictures on a video screen of the interior of the chest. The surgeon sticks the surgical instruments into the other wounds to remove cancer.

 

Procedures for Lung Cancer Treatment 

 

  • Lobectomy

Anatomically, the right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes. The right lung is divided into three lobes, the left lung has two lobes. Lobectomy is the removal (resection) of the lung lobe affected by lung cancer. It is the most frequently done surgery for lung cancer.

Bi-lobectomy is the removal of two lobes and is performed only for tumors of the right lung that involve two lobes that are next to each other.

 

Lung cancer surgery called sleeve lobectomy is also often performed. These tumors usually include one lobe as well as the primary bronchus in the lung. The resection of the sleeve continues with the removal of the cancerous lobe and a part of the primary bronchus in the lung. The remaining end of the primary bronchus is then joined with the bronchus to every unaffected lobe(s). When a sleeve lobectomy is performed, it eliminates the need for pneumonectomy  

 

  • Segmentectomy

Each lung lobe is made up of three to five lung segments. Surgeons can remove one to four portions of those lobes and store uninvolved tissue.

 

  • Resection of Wedge

 

A wedge resection is the removal of a thin, wedge-shaped portion of the lung tissue around the cancerous tumor.

 

  • Pneumectomy

 

Pneumonectomy is the replacement of the whole lung that is infected by cancer. This lung cancer treatment is usually performed if cancer can not be entirely eliminated with the lobectomy or if the lesion is based.

 

Conclusion 

 

The treatment of lung cancer in India is less than half of other countries in the world. Lung cancer treatment hospital in India provides the best and most advanced treatment with world-class oncologists at an affordable treatment cost. Treatment of Lung Cancer by Surgery is the most popular way of curing lung cancer and is known to be the gold standard in the world. Surgery is performed to eliminate cancerous tumors and nearby lung tissues in order to effectively cure the disease. 

 

You can reach Cancer Rounds for the best lung cancer treatment in India. Reach the customer care number to know more about lung cancer treatment. 

 

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