Due to the unhealthy lifestyle and consumption of a higher amount of fast foods in our diet, the risk of colon cancer is increasing with days. According to the studies, it is the third most prevalent cancer which is taking up life in the human community. But on getting it diagnosed on time, it can be properly cured and hence saving a life is possible.
Dealing with the symptoms, well, there are some of them which can raise the suspicion of the colon cancer. The very first thing that we realize is the obstruction as the cancer cells grow inside the colon. It is much more felt if the polyps are at the traverse region or the descending part too. It makes you feel a pressure inside the colon leading to the obstruction. The patient can also suffer from the pain in abdomen with swelling too. You may also feel nausea and vomiting. As cancer gets worse and steps into the advanced stage, bleeding may occur as the tumor grows. The fecal movement is obstructed which is hidden by the stool. Many a time it is mistaken and is often ignored too. With the time, the tumor grows and starts invading the surrounding tissues too. The bleeding can also cause anemia which causes iron deficiency in that person. As the cells start invading it causes pain in the abdomen which increases with the time. Slowly on affecting the urinary bladder, the urinary problem is dominantly seen in the patient. Experts consider this stage as the advanced stage of colon cancer. In any case, if the malignant cells spread outside the colon, it starts spreading through the blood and affects the lymphatic nodes too.
Colon cancer treatment can be varied which primarily depends on the stage of cancer. Referring to any oncologist will give you an idea about the stage of your colon cancer and what kind of treatment you must undergo. The general treatment procedure is the colon surgery where cancer affected parts of the colon are being cut down and removed. It is the most common one which is much more opted one than any other processes. After the surgery of the affected part is done, the rest two ends are attached to the healthy cells. In some cases along with the surgery, you need to have the chemotherapy and physiotherapy too. Besides the surgery option, the treatment for colon cancer can be categorized into three parts: Local excision involves simple colon surgery where doctors removed cancer affected parts or the polyps inside the colon. It is a very simple surgery and is mainly opt for when diagnosed in early stages. Resection is the second option which is best when the polyps are of larger sizes. Along with the affected tissues, some of the healthy tissues are also removed by doing open surgery. Lymph nodes can also be removed for checking the rate of spread of the cancer cells inside the body. After the removal, the two healthy ends of the colon are sewed again.
Resection and colostomy is another way to get back the healthy life even after you get affected with the colon cancer. Along with these processes, radiation, chemotherapy can be combined with them to get the speed up the treatment procedure. They are also quite helpful to kill the diseased cells. But radiation and chemotherapy can have side effects which are very tough to handle.
Biological therapy is another great way which is also termed as the immunotherapy. This works differently and uniquely to treat colon cancer. The body's immune system is used to find out and destroy the cancerous cells in the colon. Though it has been discovered very recently, yet it has gained a lot of popularity due to its outcomes. The therapy is also useable for the reactivating anti-cancer cells and also gains the stimulation and enhances the function of the cells too. Thus it not only helps to kill the cancer cells but also gain back the functionality too. This immune therapy is an optional one and can also be done after surgery or other cancer treatment, along with the radiation or chemotherapy. But before you are taking up such treatment, it is a must that you must consult with the expert or oncologists too.
The great news about colon cancer is that it is preventable. If you are having any hereditary tendency to get colon cancer, then a few basic steps can help you prevent it. Always eat a healthy diet which is colon friendly a high fiber diet is what helps you to clean the colon clean and healthy. It also reduces the risk of developing colon cancer. Consuming less or no alcohol can also help you prevent colon cancer too. Avoiding junk foods and unhealthy packed foods can be of great help. It is very important to stay physically active too. Practice exercises, yoga or aerobics which will help you balance the hormone secretion too. Those who are less active secrets higher insulin which can affect the colon too. Antioxidants, folic acids, and vitamin B are great for the prevention of colon cancer too. So, get your focus on the supplements too in your diet. They are very much helpful and can present you a healthy life for a longer period.
Those who are having a high tendency to get colon cancer should undergo check-up every 10 years. It is also suggested by those who are not having genetic risks. Also taking unnecessary medicines and drugs should be avoided. A virtual colonoscopy can also be undergone if you are afraid of the colonoscopy. So to prevent the colon cancer, start a healthy lifestyle from today. Follow the regimen and prevent colon cancer to affect your life and slowly taking you the end of life. So be brave and fight back.