Leukaemia is the type of disease that is caused due to a problem with the blood cells. Leukaemia is also known as cancer of blood or Blood Cancer.
Briefly, Leukaemia Cancer is detected if there is extensive damage to white blood cells. This results in the innumerable growth and division of blood cells causing Leukaemia blood cancer. As there are too many damaged blood cells, the healthy blood cells are replaced in the bone marrow. In Leukaemia Cancer, we find that the unhealthy or damaged blood cells block the good cells to grow in the body.
Medical Science has made remarkable achievements in Leukaemia Cancer Treatment in the 21st Century. Scientists and Doctors have done extensive research on Leukaemia Cancer Treatment. Therefore the diagnosis and treatment of Leukaemia Cancer is no longer a difficult procedure.
Leukaemia Cancer is of the following types:
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL)
- Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)
The treatment of Leukaemia Cancer or Leukaemia Blood Cancer is often based on the type of diagnosis of Leukaemia Cancer. Often, doctors prescribe a blood test to diagnose the type of Leukaemia Cancer which is soon followed by Bone Marrow Test. This test is done to determine if the patient has Leukaemia Blood Cancer.
Once the physician determines the type of Leukaemia Blood Cancer, he will suggest the various options to treat and cure Leukaemia Cancer. The treatment of Leukaemia Blood Cancer entirely is dependent on the status of health, age of the patient and the type of Leukaemia Cancer. The most appropriate method of diagnosis of Leukaemia Cancer would be to observe the genetic changes or characteristics of Leukaemia Cancer cells in the laboratory.
The following are the treatment options made available to Leukaemia Cancer Patients:
One of the most common treatment option available to those suffering from Leukaemia Cancer is Chemotherapy. In this type of Leukaemia Cancer Treatment, the patient is given cancer treatment drugs vide.
- Pills or Tablets to be taken orally
2. Intravenous Line directly into the bloodstream
3.Intrathecal Chemotherapy (Directly delivered to the cerebrospinal fluid)
Chemotherapy treatment given the patients with Leukaemia Blood Cancer may face the following side effects.
- Loss of Hair
- Mouth Ulcers
- Lack of appetite
- Being Tired
- Being bruised or tends to bleed easily
- Lack of resistance and prone to infection due to low count of white blood cells
- Infertility in Men (due to damage to testes)
Treatment of Leukaemia Cancer that makes use of living organisms, substances which arise out of these living organisms or even make use of the synthetic developments of the substances. Leukaemia Cancer Cells are recognized by the immune system in this type of therapy. Then they are attacked and killed completely. Biological Therapy towards the treatment of Leukaemia Blood Cancer is of various types.
- Tumour Vaccines
- Cytokines (To control the immune system, substances are produced inside the body)
- Monoclonal antibodies (Treatment Leukaemia Cancer that uses alemtuzumab that specifically targets a protein found on CLL (chronic lymphocytic leukaemia) blood cells.
Leukaemia Cancer Patients undergoing Biological Therapy are known to have lesser side effects than those who underwent chemotherapy. Some of the common side effects are:
- Rash or a Swelling due to IV infusions
- Sore Muscles
- Being Tired
In this type of Leukaemia Cancer treatment, drugs are administered to kill one function or property of cancer cell instead of destroying all the Leukaemia Blood cells completely. This is done so that there is no interference to the normal cells as they may get damaged during the therapy. Targeted therapies cause the target cell to stop increasing in number rather than destroying them altogether.
Targeted Cancer Therapy administered to Leukaemia Cancer Patients are commonly inferred as:
- Molecularly Targeted drugs
- Molecularly Targeted Therapies
- Precision Medicines
Targeted Cancer Therapy is given as
Leukaemia Cancer Patients that undergo Target Cancer Therapy as a form of treatment of their cancer have the following side effects:
- Bloating or Sudden Weight gain
- Muscle Cramps
High Energy Radiation is used to target Leukaemia Cancer Cells in Radiation Therapy form of treatment. It is generally administered or suggested to do on Leukaemia Cancer Patients wherein the cancer cells are spread to the brain.
Leukaemia Cancer Patients that undergo Radiation Therapy have the following side effects
- Skin that is treated with radiation becomes red, dry and tender
- Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhoea
Patients suffering from Leukaemia Blood Cancer are firstly given Chemotherapy and Radiation Treatments to completely eradicate Leukaemia Cancer Cells in the normal Bone Marrow. Stem Cell Transplant is then delivered to the Leukaemia Blood Cancer Patient by an intravenous infusion. The bone marrow will then start to produce new blood cells. Stem Cells are either given to the patient being treated for Leukaemia Cancer in the following ways:
- Autologous stem cell transplantation (Patient’s Stem are used to destroy the Leukaemia Cancer Cells
- Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation (Stem Cells that are contributed by a donor)
In some cases, patients who have been diagnosed with Leukaemia Blood Cancer are also treated by surgery. Doctors suggest surgery to remove Splenectomy (Spleen) if they find an enlarged spleen and when radiation or chemotherapy was unable to reduce it. Surgery is also done to improve the blood count in patients having Leukaemia Blood Cancer.
As patients having Leukaemia Blood Cancer often have lesser than normal blood cells, there is an increased risk of infection and bleeding. Supportive Treatment is given to reduce any side effects of medical and radiation therapy.
Types of Supportive treatment given to patients being treated for Leukaemia Blood Cancer are:
- Flu Vaccines
- Transfusions of Platelet or Blood
- Medications to combat Nausea
- Antibiotic medications to treat infections
- White Blood and Red Cell Growth factors to stimulate Blood Cell Production