Leukemia is the type of disease that is caused due to a problem with the blood cells. Leukemia is also known as cancer of blood or Blood Cancer.
Briefly, Leukemia Cancer is detected if there is extensive damage to white blood cells. This results in the innumerable growth and division of blood cells causing Leukemia blood cancer. As there are too many damaged blood cells, the healthy blood cells are replaced in the bone marrow. In Leukemia Cancer, we find that the unhealthy or damaged blood cells block the good cells to grow in the body.
Medical Science has made remarkable achievements in Leukemia Cancer Treatment in the 21st Century. Scientists and Doctors have done extensive research on Leukemia Cancer Treatment. Therefore the diagnosis and treatment of Leukemia Cancer is no longer a difficult procedure.
Leukemia Cancer is of the following types:
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
The treatment of Leukemia Cancer or Leukemia Blood Cancer is often based on the type of diagnosis of Leukemia Cancer. Often, doctors prescribe a blood test to diagnose the type of Leukemia Cancer which is soon followed by Bone Marrow Test. This test is done to determine if the patient has Leukemia Blood Cancer.
Once the physician determines the type of Leukemia Blood Cancer, he will suggest the various options to treat and cure Leukemia Cancer. The treatment of Leukemia Blood Cancer entirely is dependent on the status of health, age of the patient and the type of Leukemia Cancer. The most appropriate method of diagnosis of Leukemia Cancer would be to observe the genetic changes or characteristics of Leukemia Cancer cells in the laboratory.
The following are the treatment options made available to Leukemia Cancer Patients:
One of the most common treatment option available to those suffering from Leukemia Cancer is Chemotherapy. In this type of Leukemia Cancer Treatment, the patient is given cancer treatment drugs vide.
- Pills or Tablets to be taken orally
2. Intravenous Line directly into the bloodstream
3.Intrathecal Chemotherapy (Directly delivered to the cerebrospinal fluid)
Chemotherapy treatment given the patients with Leukemia Blood Cancer may face the following side effects.
- Loss of Hair
- Mouth Ulcers
- Lack of appetite
- Being Tired
- Being bruised or tends to bleed easily
- Lack of resistance and prone to infection due to low count of white blood cells
- Infertility in Men (due to damage to testes)
Treatment of Leukemia Cancer that makes use of living organisms, substances which arise out of these living organisms or even make use of the synthetic developments of the substances. Leukemia Cancer Cells are recognized by the immune system in this type of therapy. Then they are attacked and killed completely. Biological Therapy towards the treatment of Leukemia Blood Cancer is of various types.
- Tumour Vaccines
- Cytokines (To control the immune system, substances are produced inside the body)
- Monoclonal antibodies (Treatment Leukemia Cancer that specifically targets a protein found on CLL (chronic lymphocytic leukemia) blood cells.
Leukemia Cancer Patients undergoing Biological Therapy are known to have lesser side effects than those who underwent chemotherapy. Some of the common side effects are:
- Rash or a Swelling due to IV infusions
- Sore Muscles
- Being Tired
In this type of Leukemia Cancer treatment, drugs are administered to kill one function or property of cancer cell instead of destroying all the Leukemia Blood cells completely. This is done so that there is no interference to the normal cells as they may get damaged during the therapy. Targeted therapies cause the target cell to stop increasing in number rather than destroying them altogether.
Targeted Cancer Therapy administered to Leukemia Cancer Patients are commonly inferred as:
- Molecularly Targeted drugs
- Molecularly Targeted Therapies
- Precision Medicines
Targeted Cancer Therapy is given as
Leukemia Cancer Patients that undergo Target Cancer Therapy as a form of treatment of their cancer have the following side effects:
- Bloating or Sudden Weight gain
- Muscle Cramps
High Energy Radiation is used to target Leukemia Cancer Cells in Radiation Therapy form of treatment. It is generally administered or suggested to do on Leukemia Cancer Patients wherein the cancer cells are spread to the brain.
Leukemia Cancer Patients that undergo Radiation Therapy have the following side effects
- Skin that is treated with radiation becomes red, dry and tender
- Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhoea
Patients suffering from Leukemia Blood Cancer are firstly given Chemotherapy and Radiation Treatments to completely eradicate Leukemia Cancer Cells in the normal Bone Marrow. Cells are then delivered to the Leukemia Blood Cancer Patient by an intravenous infusion. The bone marrow will then start to produce new blood cells. Cells are either given to the patient being treated for Leukemia Cancer in the following ways:
- Autologous Bone Marrow transplantation (Patient’s Stem are used to destroy the Leukemia Cancer Cells
- Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation (Cells that are contributed by a donor)
In some cases, patients who have been diagnosed with Leukemia Blood Cancer are also treated by surgery. Doctors suggest surgery to remove Splenectomy (Spleen) if they find an enlarged spleen and when radiation or chemotherapy was unable to reduce it. Surgery is also done to improve the blood count in patients having Leukemia Blood Cancer.
As patients having Leukemia Blood Cancer often have lesser than normal blood cells, there is an increased risk of infection and bleeding. Supportive Treatment is given to reduce any side effects of medical and radiation therapy.
Types of Supportive treatment given to patients being treated for Leukemia Blood Cancer are:
- Flu Vaccines
- Transfusions of Platelet or Blood
- Medications to combat Nausea
- Antibiotic medications to treat infections
- White Blood and Red Cell Growth factors to stimulate Blood Cell Production